Journal archives for August 2019

August 07, 2019

Changing Common Name for Blue-winged Grasshopper

Several species on iNat fall under the name "Blue-winged Grasshopper" and looking over these species, it is easy to see that some people don't realize that or don't know the difference from one species over the other. Here's a list of the four species falling under this name in the order that iNat shows them if you typed in "Blue-winged Grasshopper".

Blue-winged Grasshopper (Oedipoda caerulescens)
Blue-winged Grasshopper (Trimerotropis cyaneipennis)
Saussure's Blue-winged Grasshopper (Leprus intermedius)
Wheeler's Blue-winged Grasshopper (Leprus wheelerii)

Now to add a few rough distribution descriptions for each one. O. caerulescens is found throughout Eurasia. T. cyaneipennis lives throughout western US. L. intermedius lives in southwestern US. L. wheelerii lives in south-central US.

Well today, I corrected (as best as I could) 10 observations in North America all sighted within the last month, labeled as O. caerulescens, the European species. And I can see how that can lead to problems. When we have a site with a majority of users being America, I can see how one will just click O. caerulescens if they typed in the search "Blue-winged Grasshopper" for their sighting. Not only that, I've noticed that the auto-id on the mobile app also lists O. caerulescens if such an individual occurred.

I think it would be wise if we change the common names of both O. caerulescens and T. cyaneipennis to help eliminate confusion with ids. My suggestion is just add geographical additions to the name, example being the Eurasian Blue-winged Grasshopper and the American Blue-winged Grasshopper. It wouldn't be the first time people have done this for example; Eurasian and American Kestrel, Eurasian and American Coot or Eurasian and American Moorhen. Sure those examples refer to more closely related taxon but I think the point still stands. But from what I see observers doing, I think this would be a smart idea.

Posted on August 07, 2019 18:11 by birdwhisperer birdwhisperer | 0 comments | Leave a comment

August 28, 2019

Buteo Morph Stats: 7/27/2019

Here is what observers have seen so far in terms of Buteos!

Western Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis calurus)
Total Birds: 92
Adults: 85 (92.4%)
Adult Light Morph: 72 (78.3%)
Adult Rufous Wash: 6 (6.5%)
Adult Rufous Morph: 3 (3.3%)
Adult Dark Morph: 3 (3.3%)
Juveniles: 7 (7.6%)
Juvenile Light Morph: 7 (7.6%)

Swainson's Hawk (Buteo swainsoni)
Total Birds: 40
Adults: 29 (72.5%)
Adult Male Light Morph: 7 (17.5%)
Adult Female Light Morph: 7 (17.5%)
Adult Intermediate Morph: 3 (7.5%)
Adult Dark Morph: 11 (27.5%)
Juvenile Light Morph: 7 (17.5%)
Juvenile Dark Morph: 1 (2.5%)

Ferruginous Hawk (Buteo regalis)
Total Birds: 7
Adults: 7 (100%)
Adult Light Morph: 7 (100%)

Keep the observations coming! September will be an awesome and crazy month for hawks. Expect to see odd Red-tails, the start of Harlan's Hawks, Broad-wings, Red-shouldered and perhaps a very wayward kite. Owls will also be singing and starting their winter courtship calls so nights out in the forest will help. Good luck!

Posted on August 28, 2019 04:57 by birdwhisperer birdwhisperer | 0 comments | Leave a comment

Red-tailed Hawk Morphs and Identification

September and October is going to be crazy when it comes to Red-tails and I want to make sure that anyone following the project understands what they may be seeing, since I've misidentified several in the past. So migration season has some crazy-looking Red-tails that may very well baffled an observer who's trying to make a subspecies/morph id. So here's a brief overview of what to look for.

Western Red-tailed Hawk (Buteo jamaicensis calurus)
The Western Red-tailed is the most variable subspecies in the entire species and here's why. One, they are only subspecies with dark morphs besides the distinct Harlan's and probably Northern Red-tails. And to add on to it, it appears they have geographical variance to the subspecies too. So here's what you're looking for:

Light morphs: Any individuals that are light-colored and show a distinct bellyband.
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/163347291#_ga=2.258507466.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/59538521#_ga=2.202534481.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/67813041#_ga=2.202534481.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889

Rufous Wash: Light morph individuals that have a rich rufous 'wash' to the breast. Intermediate between light and rufous morphs.
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/119750351#_ga=2.262849996.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/116865651#_ga=2.254509640.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889

Rufous morph: Where the breast is rufous and the bellyband is indistinct but there.
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/169150031#_ga=2.265929039.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/114077951#_ga=2.27814524.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889

Dark morph: Sometimes will be lumped with rufous morph (especially if individual is in flight) but appear darker and browner than rufous.
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/141548421
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/97549721#_ga=2.22635003.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889

Juvenile Light Morph: Most of what you're going to see as in the examples below.
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/132098401#_ga=2.190497259.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/52755331#_ga=2.198807151.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/41766191#_ga=2.227641693.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889

Juvenile Intermediate/Dark Morph: Much less common than light juvies that usually have more markings.
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/136010161#_ga=2.224964058.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/132106671#_ga=2.224964058.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889

Eastern Red-tailed Hawk (B. j. borealis)
The most common subspecies in Eastern US, they still nest on the Alberta Rocky Mountain front and often they migrate through a pass in the mountains and end up where? That's right in inland WA and OR. The best ways to distinguish an Eastern from a Western (and trust me, it's the hardest id to make) is from well mottled upperparts, white throat, white supercilium, thin patagial marks, a thin bellyband that usually lacks barring and nearly no rufous/buff washing to the underparts and underwing coverts. But remember that these traits are not definitive, these are just what they might look like. The first photo is an Eastern Red-tailed in Washington and the second is a probably intergrade but the picture shows traits of Eastern.

https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/42988881
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/119765151#_ga=2.235916865.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889

Northern Red-tailed Hawk (B. j. albietcola)
A recently described subspecies that breeds in Canada and winters in the US, generally east of the Rockies. But once again, since they nest in Yukon and Alberta, it's not unheard of that they flew through a mountain pass in the Rockies into WA or OR. There are apparently dark morphs but they are not very documented, so I'm not sure if we can safely identify one. They differ from Western Red-tails by having a thick black, not brown, bellyband that is typically arrow-shaped streaking. They also have a significant amount on streaking on the sides of the breast. You might have a Northern Red-tailed or if you something like these Western Red-tailed.

https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/125017711#_ga=2.265513295.1183214068.1566829911-1175263981.1555651889
https://macaulaylibrary.org/asset/77321111

The one thing I can't do is juveniles since the other subspecies are so similar to Western juvies, it's next to impossible to identify. I will not go into Harlan's because they are relatively easy to identify and if you have one, I'll make sure to let you know. Good luck out there iNaturalists and wish you the best luck in finding unusual Red-tails.

Posted on August 28, 2019 15:44 by birdwhisperer birdwhisperer | 0 comments | Leave a comment